Institutional outcomes of Central Park Medical College

On obtaining medical degree from CPMC, the graduate should have;

Knowledge

• Knowledge and understanding of the normal structure, function and development of the human body at all stages of life.

• Knowledge and understanding of the normal structure and function of the body and of each of its major organ systems.

• Knowledge and understanding of molecular, biochemical, and cellular mechanisms of maintaining homeostasis.

• Knowledge and understanding of the etiology, pathogenesis, pathology, symptoms and signs, natural history, and prognosis of common and prevalent mental and physical disorders in all age groups.

• Knowledge and understanding of common diagnostic procedures, indications, contra-indications and limitations.

• Knowledge of the appropriate use of laboratory techniques and hygiene and sanitization, asepsis, infection control, transmission.

• Knowledge and understanding of the action, metabolism, and toxic effects of drugs and their therapeutic applications, indications, contraindications and side effects.

• Knowledge and understanding of the principles of health maintenance, education, prevention and screening. Knowledge and understanding of the epidemiology of common diseases and conditions and the systematic approaches in reducing the incidence and prevalence of those diseases.

• Knowledge and understanding of the principles of management of suffering and disability, rehabilitation and the care of the dying, palliative and hospice care, basic pain mechanisms and basic strategies for pain management.

• Knowledge and understanding of healthy lifestyle.

• Knowledge to Interpret the results of commonly used diagnostic procedures

• Knowledge and understanding of healthcare delivery systems

Skills

• The ability to take a satisfactory (accurate, organised and problem focused) medical history, including, but not limited to: age, gender, psychosocial, ethnic, nutritional, occupational and sexual dimensions.

• The ability to perform an accurate physical and mental state examination (both a complete systems based physical and mental status and organ specific examination).

• The ability to utilize data (from the history, physical exam, laboratory and other diagnostic results) to identify the health problem. The ability to choose appropriate skills and apply them in a given situation. The ability to apply evidence-based medicine in the management strategy of health care.

• The ability to interpret and integrate the history, physical examination and diagnostic methods to formulate a list of differential diagnosis.

• The ability to make management strategy (diagnostic, treatment, and prevention) for diseases and other health problems. The ability to select the most appropriate and cost-effective diagnostic procedures.

• The ability to apply preventive and health maintenance principles and techniques in the delivery of health care.

• The ability to perform routine technical procedures.

• The ability to document the clinical encounter.

• The ability to apply the principles and concepts underlying normal behaviour and mental illness.

• The ability to diagnose and participate in the management of mental illnesses (basic principles).

• The ability to apply the knowledge of the therapeutic use of drugs in patient care.

• The ability to recognize normal growth and development.

• The ability to recognize the relationship between health and illness, the patient and the environment.

• The ability to apply nonbiological (psychosocial, cultural, ethnic) principles and concepts in the delivery of health service.

• The ability to apply preventive and health maintenance principles and techniques in the delivery of health care.

• The ability to apply the appropriate use of laboratory methods in identifying diseases or health problems.

• The ability to recognize patients with immediately life threatening conditions and perform suturing of lacerations and BCLS.

• The ability to demonstrate effective physician-patient interaction skills, including (but not limited to) the tolerance towards the values and beliefs of others serving and served by the health care system, and the ability to facilitate the clarification and negotiation of differences in values and beliefs in others.

• The ability to utilize appropriate communication skills to obtain a history, diagnosis, and to suggest an effective management and treatment plan to patients.

• The ability to utilize appropriate communication skills to effectively cooperate with colleagues and members of the healthcare team in the care of patients and their families.

• The ability to utilize appropriate communications skills to obtain a history, diagnosis and suggest an effective treatment plan to patients

• The ability to effectively communicate with peers and members of the healthcare team in the care of patients and their families

Attitude

• Belief in evidence-based medicine and thus value the role of research and practice it in clinical and public health setups.

• The ability to apply humanistic values in the delivery of health care, to demonstrate responsibility toward the health interests of the patient and the community.

• The ability to recognize and accept ethical and moral aspects of the profession. To demonstrate honesty and integrity in all interactions, particularly with patients, their families and the colleagues.

• The ability to cooperate with other health care providers, patients and their families from diverse cultural backgrounds. To demonstrate the understanding of, and respect for, their roles in individual and public health care.

• The ability to respect the patients’ dignity, privacy, and confidentiality in the delivery of health care.

• The ability to communicate effectively, both orally and in writing, with patients, patients’ families, colleagues, health care workers and the others with whom he/she must exchange information in carrying out responsibilities.

• The ability to demonstrate the awareness of the personal manners, dress, grooming, speech, and interpersonal skills expected by the community of a medical professional.

• The ability to assume responsibility, think critically, exercise sound judgment, and act prudently with full awareness of the limits of one's intellectual and technical abilities.

• The ability to consistently carry out one’s duties with honesty, personal integrity, self-motivation, and self discipline.

• The commitment to engage in lifelong learning in order to maintain sufficient familiarity with scientific advances to ensure they are integrated appropriately with patient care.

• The ability to recognize personal educational needs, to select and utilize appropriate learning resources, apply principles of evidence based medicine, the capacity to recognize and accept limitations in one’s knowledge and clinical skills, and a commitment to continuously improve one’s knowledge and ability.

• A commitment to advocate the interests of the patients over own selfish interests, willingness to provide care to patients who are unable to pay and to advocate for access to health care for members of traditionally underserved populations.

• The ability to demonstrate personal responsibility, reliability, dependability, open mindedness, and curiosity

Interpersonal and Communication Skills

• Effective and honest exchange of information, communication and collaboration with patients, their families, public and health professionals, using active listening and appropriate verbal, nonverbal and written skills.

• Establish therapeutic relationships with patients that will take into account their socioeconomic and cultural backgrounds, and demonstrate the respect, empathy, honesty and emotional support as needed and always follow ethical principles of the medical profession.

• In challenging situation, including delivering bad news, issues related to death, end of life, adverse events, disclosure of medical errors etc, demonstrate sensitivity, honesty, and compassion.

• Keep accurate, comprehensive, timely, legible and reliable medical records, write admission workups, hospital follow-ups, focused outpatient workups, outpatient follow-ups etc. in a thorough and focused manner.

• Skilled oral communication (with other members of the team, the patients, caregivers, and the family) related to the evaluation and the management of a patient; verbal instructions to ancillary health care personnel; the diagnosis, prognosis and treatment plan; education regarding lifestyle behaviours, screening and the prevention.

• Recognize the importance of patient preferences when selecting among diagnostic and therapeutic options; appreciate the impact of the disease on the quality of life, well-being, ability to work, and the family

• After taking a history and physical examination, present the results in the forms of short oral presentation of the findings that will include chronologically organized development of the present illness, medication list, past history, and pertinent positives and negatives from the family history, social history, and physical examination.

• In written, oral, interpersonal, or group presentations, show the effectiveness, critical thinking, creativity, and analytical ability.

• Always demonstrate the respect towards others, reliability, responsibility, and honesty in communication with the patients, their relatives, colleagues, peers, medical staff and all other members of the health care team.

• By showing appropriate listening and verbal skills to communicate empathy, they will elicit information related to the patient’s preferences and provide basic information to the patient, explain the diagnosis, prognosis and treatment plan.

• Establish the rapport with patients that will help in the identification of the hidden agendas and the recognition of the psychosocial issues, and take an active role in patient education and compliance issues.

• Exhibit teamwork and respect toward all members of the health care team, and perform as an effective member of the team by showing adequate interprofessional communication skills.

• Listen, give and receive feedback.